Universidad de Valladolid

Universidad de Valladolid

Activation and deactivation of implanted B in Si

L. Pelaz, V. C. Venezia, H. J. Gossmann, G. H. Gilmer, A. T. Fiory, C. S. Rafferty, M. Jaraiz and J. Barbolla

Applied Physics Letters 75, 662 (1999)


The temporal evolution of the electrically active B fraction has been measured experimentally on B implanted Si, and calculated using atomistic simulation. An implant of 40 keV, 2×1014 cm−2 B was examined during a postimplant anneal at 800 °C. The results show a low B activation (∼25%) for short anneal times (⩽10 s) that slowly increases with time (up to 40% at 1000 s), in agreement with the model proposed by Pelaz et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 3657 (1999)]. Based on the results, we conclude that B clustering occurs in the presence of a high interstitial concentration, in the very early stages of the anneal. For this reason, B clustering is not avoided by a short or low-temperature anneal. The total dissolution of B clusters involves thermally generated Si interstitials, and therefore, requires long- or high-temperature anneals.

DOI: 10.1063/1.124474

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